5 Common Diseases for Kittens, Kittens are prone to disease. Most of these diseases are transmitted by viruses , infections , or parasites . However, vaccinated kittens tend to be better protected from many deadly diseases. Meanwhile feral mother cats are usually more likely to have kittens with health problems than domestic cats.
There are several causes. According to The Spruce Pets, partly because feral cats tend to give birth to more kittens than they can care for, feral cats are more susceptible to disease-causing parasites, so feral cats are more often malnourished and unable to provide proper nutrition to their kittens. This should be a concern among kittens careers . Because, health will affect growth and development. However, in general, some common diseases in kittens include:
1. Upper respiratory tract infection
These include rhinotracheitis or feline herpes virus and feline calicivirus . This virus can cause sneezing, runny nose, and conjunctivitis (commonly known as pink eye). However, both of these diseases can actually be prevented using vaccines. Another disease is chlamydia, a bacteria that can be treated with antibiotics, such as tetracyclines. However, this is not the same type of chlamydia as a sexually transmitted infection that humans acquire.
Chlamydia in kittens can cause conjunctivitis, which can spread to humans. According to PetMD, many kittens recover from upper respiratory tract infections within a week or two of good care, such as resting, stimulating them to eat and drink, to wiping dirt from their eyes and nose with a damp, warm cloth. However, if the kitten stops eating or the symptoms do not improve, consult a veterinarian.
2. Ear mites
This disease is also common, not only in kittens but cats of all ages. The most common sign of an ear mite infestation is a black or brown discharge in the ear that looks similar to coffee grounds. Cats are also usually seen feeling itchy and there are sores and inflammation around their head and neck because the kitten keeps scratching. Some ear mite treatments are available over the counter and you can use them if you follow the directions carefully. However, consulting a vet may be more effective in finding a solution for your kitten. To get rid of ear mites from your home, make sure all pets are thoroughly treated.
3. Intestinal parasites
It is also quite common in kittens that they require regular stool checks and deworming. Roundworms and hookworms are the most commonly seen intestinal parasites. Many kittens catch these worms soon after they are born, either through breast milk or contact with a contaminated environment. To diagnose intestinal worms, the doctor will examine a sample of the kitten’s feces under a microscope and then prescribe a deworming medication that will help kill the parasite type. Make sure to follow the medication instructions carefully as in some cases you may need several doses of deworming medication.
Fleas can naturally affect cats of all ages, but a flea infestation can be very annoying for young kittens. Because of their small size, kittens with fleas can develop anemia due to blood loss caused by fleas ingesting them as food. Fleas can also spread disease to infected kittens, including Bartonella and Mycoplasma infections . Get rid of lice by giving flea medication regularly, generally every month. It is also important to keep all other vulnerable pets in the house clean and clean the environment, from regularly vacuuming carpets, to cleaning floors and beds. Your vet will help recommend the safest and most effective type of flea medication based on your kitten’s needs.
There are various causes of diarrhea. In some cases, diarrhea can be caused by stress related to major changes in the kitten’s life. For example, being separated from their parents or siblings, moving to a new house, until meeting new people. In addition, dietary changes can also cause diarrhea. If caused by these factors, diarrhea will generally only occur for a short time and can be treated with symptomatic treatment.
These include returning to a previous diet, relieving stress and taking probiotic supplements. However, diarrhea can also be a sign of serious illness in kittens, such as intestinal parasites, bacterial and viral infections, immune disorders, and others. Since kittens are not able to withstand the effects of diarrhea very well, it is best to get them checked by a vet.
This is especially important when the diarrhea is very severe or continues for more than a day or two. Veterinarians may not find frequent cases of Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP), but it is important to recognize that it is a serious disease and almost always fatal when diagnosed. Meanwhile, Feline Leukemia Virus (FELV) and Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) are relatively common viral infections that can cause severe illness and death in some cats.
Feline panleukopenia has also been diagnosed frequently in kittens. However, with vaccinations against the disease, veterinarians are not finding the cases so often. Even so, the disease is a cause for concern, especially in unvaccinated young kittens. Symptoms can include diarrhea, vomiting, lack of appetite, lethargy, and dehydration. Panleukopenia is often fatal, even when the kitten is on medication.
All newly adopted kittens should be examined by a veterinarian within a day or two of arriving home. The doctor will perform a physical exam and may run some diagnostic tests, treat any problems found and develop a plan for vaccinations, deworming, diet, and other preventive care measures to keep your cat healthy long-term.